Stratified Coastal Ocean Interactions with Atmospheric Circulation: Hurricanes, Sea Breezes, and How We Study Them
In the U.S., and globally, populations are increasingly concentrated along highly developed and urbanized mid latitude coastlines. This growth has resulted in increasing vulnerability to coastal hazards, such as hurricanes and nor’easters, as well as increased opportunity for renewable energy development on the shallow continental shelves just offshore. Mid-latitude coastal oceans are dynamic, highly stratified in summer, and can respond rapidly to atmospheric forcing. These processes can lead to rapid feedback on atmospheric processes ranging from the coastal sea breeze, to weakening or intensification of hurricanes just prior to landfall. The focus of this talk will be on detailed case studies of how the coastal ocean evolves and feeds back on the atmosphere as well as new advances in how we observe, model, and study nearshore ocean process that impact our coastal communities.